Peasants to Puddles
My Family History - By Nicky Rowberry
Edwin Frederick Stamp - Lance Corporal 3019
This page is dedicated to the memory of Edwin Frederick Stamp who died 12th September 1916 in France.
Edwin Frederick Stamp died of wounds on 12th September 1916 in France. He was one of the millions of men who lost their lives in World War 1. It seemed sad for him to have died and all but these bare facts remembered, so I've tried to find out at least a little about his life before his untimely death aged just 20.
Edwin Frederick Stamp was born on the 14th June 1896 at 2 Bedford Place, Malvern Wells, Worcestershire to Albert Stamp and Emily (nee Ruberry). Edwin Frederick (or Fred as he was probably known to the family) was the third child of Albert & Emily who had married in 1887. Fred had 2 older siblings and 3 younger ones, although sadly the youngest, Winifred Stamp, died as a baby. Fred was the only one of the 6 children to be born in the Malvern area, the rest all being born in and around London. Why the family came back to the Malvern area briefly before returning to London isn't known.
By 1901 the family were back in London and living at No. 11 Leybourne Road in East London. Fred's Dad Albert was a tailor and his mother was at home looking after the 4 children. Two more children followed in the next couple of years, before tragedy hit the family with the death of Fred's father and little sister in 1907. Emily was left a widow with 5 children to support. Somehow Emily managed to keep the family together by carrying on as a tailor herself and training up her eldest daughter Lucy. In 1911 the family are all together and living at 79 Harmood Street, between Hampstead Heath and Regent's Park. The property only had 3 rooms so presumably the children had to share a bedroom. The 2 older boys were already working as clerks - Reginald as an Engineer's Clerk and Fred aged just 14 as a junior clerk.
Later that same year the two brothers were witness to a tragic accident where an elderly man was killed after accidentally stepping out into the path of a tram. The report isn't very accurate, getting Albert Reginald's name wrong (calling him Arthur) and the street name wrong too - Harwood when it should have been Harmood Street. It does get Fred's name right though and it must have been a horrible thing for a 14 year old boy to witness. Image © The British Library Board. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. Image reproduced with kind permission of The British Newspaper Archive (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk).
At some point between 1911 and the start of WW1 the family moved to 2 Roderick Road. Fred continued in some form of education even though he was already working at 14. He must have attended the Kentish Town Adult School as he is later commemorated on their war memorial. The photo below shows Fred as a good looking, happy young man probably just before the war.
War broke out in 1914 and Fred Stamp must have joined up at least by August 1915. Unfortunately his service records seem to be part of those destroyed during a fire in 1940, so we don't know exactly when he joined up, but his medal card suggests he was serving in France by 17th August 1915. Family sources indicate in February 1916 he was promoted to Lance-Corporal. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission website confirms that he was a Lance Corporal in the 1st/9th Battalion of the London Regiment (Queen Victoria's Rifles). I can't reproduce the CWGC photo of the cemetery, but to see his page please click here
You can now look at many of the Army's War Diaries from WW1 online and Fred's battalion of the London Regiment is one of them. I've transcribed the 2 weeks leading up to his death on 12th April 1916.
1/9 Battalion London Regiment
(Queen Victoria's Rifles)
From 01.9.16 To 20.9.16
|Place||Date||Hour||Summary of Events and Information|
Battalion in Billets. Company training. Training of Lewis Gunners, Bombers etc.
| ||2|| || |
|Corbie||3|| ||Battn marched to ST. RIQUER entraining thence for CORBIE.|
| ||4|| ||Battn marched from CORBIE (leaving 2pm) to Camp in HAPPY VALLEY near BRAY.|
| ||5|| ||Battn in Camp.|
| ||6|| ||Battn moved up to CASEMENT trench between MARICOURT & MONTAUBON.|
| ||7|| ||Battn took over trenches from 14th London Regt in LEUZE WOOD.|
| ||8|| |
| ||9|| ||Battn assaulted and captured trench 300 yds E of LEUZE WOOD and SW |
end of BOULEAUX WOOD. This trench was named VICTORIA TRENCH &
subsequently renamed BULLY TRENCH.
| ||10|| ||Captured position maintained. Battn relieved by 13th Composite|
Brigade at 11.0pm & withdrew to CITADEL FRICOURT.
| ||11|| |
| ||12|| ||Battn marched from CITADEL to point near BILLON WOOD|
| ||13|| ||Battn relieved 13th Composite Brigade & took over LEUZE NECRE trench.|
|Place||Date||Hour||Summary of Events and Information|
Battn in LEUZE WOOD trench.
| ||15|| ||Battn formed defensive flank for XIV offensive operations|
Draft of 49 O.Ranks arrived.
| ||16|| || |
| ||17|| ||Draft of 196 O.Ranks arrived. Battn in trenches LE LOOP. FUSILIERS |
CHESHIRE & COMBLES TRENCHES.
| ||18|| || |
| ||19|| ||Draft of 35 O.Ranks arrived.|
| ||20|| ||Draft of 30 O.Ranks arrived. Battn relieved in front line by 2nd|
LONDON Regt & went into FALFEMONT FARM line.
The battalion were stationed in northern France and family sources indicate he was injured fighting in the Leuze Wood area. The fighting there was part of the Battle of The Somme and the war diary above makes it clear that his regiment were fighting in the trenches around Leuze Wood. The photograph below is taken from the Leeds Mercury in September 1916 and shows the devastation on the ground around Leuze Wood. Image © Johnston Press plc. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. Image reproduced with kind permission of The British Newspaper Archive (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk).
The war diaries suggest that his battalion arrived in Leuze Wood on 7th September 1916, so it is likely that Fred was wounded within the next couple of days. Unfortunately war diaries from this time rarely name the non-officers who were wounded or killed, so there is no specific reference to Fred Stamp. His war records suggest that he was wounded rather than killed immediately in action. It seems likely that he was then moved to a military hospital near Rouen as ultimately when he did die on 12th September, he was buried many miles from where he had been fighting. Fred was buried in the St. Sever Cemetery which was known to be where burials from the military hospitals in Rouen took place.
I've yet to find any reference to Fred Stamp's death in the local papers, but it would surely have been reported. He must have a gravestone in the St Sever Cemetery in France and probably appears on a war memorial back in London somewhere, but I've yet to find any photos. Thanks to his great-niece though we do have this photo from the Kentish Town Adult School memorial.
The final piece of documentation I could find for Fred Stamp was his entry in the Army Register of Soldiers' Effects. It lists the amount of money in his account at the time of his death and the amount, including the War Gratuity, that was eventually paid to his next of kin - in this case to his mother Emily. For Freddie the total amount came to just £8 10s - such a tiny amount to show for the ultimate sacrifice.
In researching Fred's final days, several sites have been invaluable, so I've included links to some of them here.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission is a great site to start with to give you the basic details you would need to then start digging deeper:
The National Archives at Kew now hold a huge number of records, many of which are available online, but it is well worth a visit down there if you can make it:
The British Newspaper Archive holds digitised images of newspapers from all over Britain. New pages are added weekly and it can be a great way of adding to your research:
If any of the above is of further interest, please feel free to contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org
© Nicky Rowberry 2020
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Peasants to Puddles - My Family History. By Nicky Rowberry